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10 important sights of Bulgaria for visiting by every tourist

Known for its cuisine, friendly atmosphere, many ancient ruins, villages, soaring mountains and sunny beaches, Bulgaria is undoubtedly one of the best tourist destinations in Europe …

10 important sights of Bulgaria to be visited by every tourist

Natural and Archaeological Reserve at Cape Kaliakra
Location: 12 km east of the city of Kvaran, 60 km northeast of Varna.

Natural and Archaeological Reserve at Cape Kaliakra
Kaliakra is a long narrow cape in the southeastern part of the Dobrudzhan plateau. The coast of the cape is distinguished by sheer cliffs, almost vertically hanging over the sea – their height reaches 70 m.

Kaliakra is a natural and archaeological reserve where you can observe dolphins, cormorants and pinnipeds in the natural habitat. It also shows the remains of fortified walls, a water supply system, a bathhouse and the residence of the ruler of Dobrudjan despotate Dobrotits, who at one time moved the capital from Kavarna here.

The fortress of the same name of the late XIV century became a symbol of this place after it played a decisive role in the naval battle of 1791 between the Russian and Turkish fleets. This battle determined the success of Russian soldiers in the Russo-Turkish war.

Also at the very tip of the cape is a small chapel of St. Nicholas.

Interesting Facts. The destroyer of the Russian imperial fleet was named “Kaliakria” in honor of the victory won by Admiral Ushakov over the Turkish-Algerian fleet during the Russo-Turkish war.

The main fortress Tsarevets of the medieval capital Veliko Tarnovo
Location: Veliko Tarnovo.

The main fortress Tsarevets of the medieval capital Veliko Tarnovo
During the Second Bulgarian Kingdom from 1185 to 1395 Bulgaria was the largest and most powerful state in Southeastern Europe, and Tsarevets was the main fortress of the medieval capital – Veliko Tarnovo.

During the first centuries of Roman rule, the ancient settlement was deserted, but, according to archaeological data, it was inhabited as early as the 2nd millennium BC. After a long desolation, this place already by the 5th century became a strongly fortified early Byzantine city.

In the 12th century, a medieval fortress was erected on the peaks of the foundations of this early Byzantine city. Today, partial restoration is taking place here, although the entire fort has already been well studied. Tourists visiting it can easily observe how the fort, consisting of massive stone walls, gates and towers, was able to survive many different periods throughout its history.

Interesting Facts. On the territory of the fortress were the royal chambers and the Palace of the Patriarch of the Bulgarian Church.

The medieval city of Nessebar with a 3000-year history
Location: 37 km north of the city of Burgas.

The medieval city of Nessebar with a 3000-year history
Situated on a rocky peninsula, on the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria, the ancient city of Nessebar, with more than 3,000-year history, was originally a Thracian settlement of Mesebria.

At the beginning of the VI century. BC. the settlement becomes a Greek colony. The remains of the city, which mainly relate to the Hellenistic period, include the acropolis, the temple of Apollo, the agora and the wall from the Thracian fortifications. Other valuable historical monuments – the Basilica of St. Sophia (Old Metropolis) and the fortress itself – date back to the Middle Ages, the times when it was one of the most important Byzantine cities on the west coast of the Black Sea. Wooden houses built in the 19th century are typical of the Black Sea architecture of that time.

The city is surrounded by the sea on three sides, and tourists can get here only through a narrow isthmus 400 m wide.

Interesting Facts. Almost half of the ancient city went under water. In 1983, the district of the old town of Nessebar was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Monument to the Slavic cultural identity of the Bulgarian language Rila Monastery
Location: 117 km south of Sofia in the Rilskaya river valley.

Monument to the Slavic cultural identity of the Bulgarian language Rila Monastery
The Rila Monastery was founded in the 10th century by St. John of Rila, a hermit, canonized by the Orthodox Church. His ascetic dwelling and grave became holy places and turned into a monastery complex, which played an important role in the spiritual and social life of medieval Bulgaria. Destroyed by fire at the beginning of the 19th century, the complex was rebuilt between 1834 and 1862. As a typical example of the Bulgarian Renaissance, the monument symbolizes the awareness of the Slavic cultural identity after centuries of occupation. During the years of the Ottoman rule, the monastery acted as the keeper of the Bulgarian language and culture.

Today, the Rila Monastery is the largest stavropegic male monastery of the Bulgarian Church. This place will be especially interesting for tourists thanks to the local monastery museum, which houses the famous Raphael Cross – a unique example of woodcarving, which depicts 104 religious scenes and 650 miniature figures.

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